The Effect of Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 on a Cellular Model of Alzheimer's Disease with Emphasis on Cell Viability and Mitochondrial Membrane Potential

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Iums,tehran, Iran

2 Shahed Univ.

3 Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics (IBB), University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

4 IUMS, Tehran, Iran


Background and Objective: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder which is associated with extracellular accumulation of amyloid beta (Aβ) plaques. AD is accompanied by mitochondrial dysfunction and energy metabolism reduction. Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is an endogenous polypeptide which its beneficial effects have been demonstrated on mitochondrial function, energy metabolism regulation and neuroprotection.
Materials and Methods: The present study was performed to investigate the effect of pretreatment with different concentrations of FGF21 [100,200 and 400 nM] on SH-SY5Y cells as a cellular model of AD induced by Ab(1-42). For induction of cellular model of AD. Ab(1-42) [20 µM] was added to SH-SY5Y cell medium. Cell viability (MTT assay) and mitochondrial membrane potential changes (Rhodamine 123 fluorescence intensity) were measured using microplate reader.
Results: The results of this study showed that Ab(1-42) enhances cell damage (p
Conclusion: Taken together, the results of this study suggest that FGF21 prevents cell death induced by Ab(1-42) in SH-SY5Y cells. It seems that the beneficial effects of FGF21 are mediated through mitochondrial membrane potential maintenance.


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